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Additional Information on Eligibility. This Funding Opportunity Announcement FOA invites grant applications for research to examine 1 the impact of Human-Animal Interactions HAI on typical and atypical child development and health; 2 the evaluation of animal-assisted intervention for children and adults with disabilities or in need of rehabilitative services; 3 the effects of animals on public health, including cost effectiveness of involving animals in reducing and preventing disease.

March 30,March 30,by 5: All types of non-AIDS applications allowed for this funding opportunity announcement are due on these dates. Applicants are encouraged to apply early to allow adequate time to make any corrections to errors found in the application during the submission process by the due date.

Applicants must read and follow all application instructions in the Application Guide as well as any program-specific instructions noted in Section IV. When the program-specific instructions deviate from those in the Application Guide, follow the program-specific instructions. There are several options available to submit your application through Grants. You must use one of these submission options to access the application forms for this opportunity.

Overview Information Part 2. Full Text of the Announcement. Eligibility Information Section IV. Application and Submission Information Section V. The Partnership encourages research on Human-Animal Interaction HAI fx options and smile risk amazon, especially as it relates to child development, health, and the therapeutic inclusion of animals in interventions for individuals with disabilities or those requiring rehabilitative services.

The decreasing size of families, with the reduction in the number of younger siblings, babies, and elderly from family homes, means that many children may be more likely to grow up with an animal than with a younger sibling or grandparent in the home. It has been documented in the literature that pets offer a source of emotional support to children, and studies suggest they may be helpful to prevent allergies, ease anxiety and encourage exercise. However, most of the studies focusing on how animals affect children's health, development and well-being are correlational and stop short of providing answers to key developmental questions and establishing causal relationships.

Likewise, most studies conducted to date have not included diverse samples that would allow researchers to examine possible cultural, racial or ethnic differences in HAI. A solid research base is needed focusing on information about how children perceive, relate to and think about animals and how pets in the home impact children's social-emotional and cognitive development.

In addition, research is needed on the impact of pets in the home on children's health-related behaviors e. There is a fx options and smile risk amazon for evidence-based advice for parents and child care fx options and smile risk amazon. Studies of the inclusion of animals in therapeutic interventions and rehabilitation for individuals with intellectual, developmental, physical and mental health-related disabilities have become increasingly common e.

Likewise, the use of service animals by individuals with special needs e. Finally, popular media reports commonly feature stories on the use of animals in a variety of service settings e.

The objective of this program of research is to encourage interdisciplinary studies to determine the impact of HAI in and outside the home environment on child and adolescent health and development, as well as therapeutically across the lifespan, through observational studies, experiments and clinical trials.

This FOA calls for research to examine 1 the impact of HAI on typical and atypical child development and health; 2 the evaluation of animal-assisted intervention for children and adults with disabilities or in need of rehabilitative services; 3 the effects of animals on public health, including cost effectiveness of fx options and smile risk amazon animals in therapeutic interventions to treat or prevent disease.

Both clinical trials and other clinical research can be submitted under this FOA. Projects should be theoretically based and seek to answer questions that address key developmental, health and safety issues regarding the interactions with animals in home, institutional or therapeutic settings. Research to identify human and animal temperamental, biobehavioral, or genetic markers of suitable behavioral traits for HAI, as well as markers that are amenable to change and can document changes associated with HAI are also encouraged.

Research is needed to better understand the nature of interactions between people and various types of companion and domesticated animals, as well as the contexts and conditions under which these interactions occur. Studies are encouraged which address why relationships with pets are more important to some children than to others and to explore the quality of child-pet relationships, noting variability of human-animal relationships within a family.

The presence of pet may be a solace to a maltreated child. Research is needed on the effects of separation from pets resulting from natural or man-made disasters as well as family member illness or seeking shelter from abusive situations, as even a temporary separation from a pet can add to the traumatic effects of these circumstances. Developmental studies are needed which examine child-pet interactions and relationships as they change over time and within changing family dynamics.

Community-level and social benefits of pets also should be considered, beyond the benefits of the individual pet owner. There are several critical public health issues facing children today, such as childhood obesity or autism spectrum disorder, for which HAI may have direct impacts.

Fx options and smile risk amazon will be important to determine empirically which situations, under what conditions and for whom HAI can offer the greatest public health benefits and to examine the cost-effectiveness of such interactions or treatments.

Both formal and informal situations, i. In designing studies to address these questions it will be important to determine what outcome measures are needed to demonstrate a causal relationship between animal interaction and improved fx options and smile risk amazon. Cost-effectiveness analysis indicating potential societal benefits such as decreased hospitalizations or reduced length of stay in hospitals, lower risk of childhood obesity, or lower incidence of problem behaviors, should be included where possible.

The use of animals in interventions for children and adults with disabilities or for those in need of rehabilitation must be empirically studied. While randomized controlled trials are a gold standard, it is recognized that there may be times when such a design cannot be fully implemented.

Where it can be used, it should, and where it cannot, the next most rigorous design should be used. Dose-response issues should be carefully targeted in research designs wherever possible. Collaborating with population-based studies aimed at studying health and development offers a cost-effective way of gathering important information about pets in the home and community and their impact on health and development for children, adults, and families. While this information can be useful and informative in cross-sectional population studies, it also is important to gain information longitudinally on the same subjects where possible, with attention given to collaborating with studies that have appropriately diverse samples.

Ethical considerations must be kept in mind as HAI research is designed and conducted. Protection fx options and smile risk amazon all participants human and animal should be in place for any research conducted on HAI. Gathering information ethically and responsibly from children who are particularly vulnerable and for whom parental consent may be difficult to obtain e. Animal welfare is important and must be considered at all times, especially when animals are working with children or adults whose diagnosis or disability is characterized by episodic uncontrolled emotional or behavioral outbursts that could intentionally or unintentionally place the animal at heightened risk for injury or trauma.

In the studies reporting health or therapeutic effects of HAI to date, few, if any, fx options and smile risk amazon examined the extent to which the relationship between pet ownership and health varies by race, ethnicity or socioeconomic status SES. Minorities and members of low SES groups consistently exhibit higher rates of negative health behaviors, morbidity, and mortality. These efforts will provide key information necessary for health promoting strategies and interventions that may ultimately inform policies.

The following are examples of questions that may be addressed in this FOA. This is not an exhaustive list; however in all such studies, the focus must be on the interaction between the human and animal, the influence or impact of that interaction, or in therapeutic settings, the efficacy of HAI as an intervention or adjunct to intervention.

Other Information for award authorities and regulations. A support mechanism providing money, property, or both to an eligible entity to carry out an approved project or activity. Accepting applications that either propose or do not propose clinical trial s. Need help determining whether you are fx options and smile risk amazon a clinical trial?

The number of awards is contingent upon NIH appropriations and the submission of a sufficient number of meritorious applications.

All registrations must be completed prior to the application being submitted. Registration can take 6 weeks or more, so applicants should begin the registration process fx options and smile risk amazon soon as possible. The NIH Policy on Late Submission of Grant Applications states fx options and smile risk amazon failure to complete registrations in advance of a due date is not a valid reason for a late submission.

Obtaining an eRA Commons account can take up to 2 weeks. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for NIH support. Applicant organizations may submit more than one application, provided that each application is scientifically distinct. The NIH will not accept duplicate or highly overlapping applications under review at the same time.

This means that the NIH will not accept:. See your administrative office for instructions if you plan fx options and smile risk amazon use an institutional system-to-system solution. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review. Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it contains allows IC staff to fx options and smile risk amazon the potential review workload and plan the review.

By the date listed in Part 1. Overview Informationprospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes the following information:. Layla Esposito, PhD Telephone: All applications, regardless of the amount of direct costs requested for any one year, should include a Data Sharing Plan.

The Data Sharing Plan will be considered during peer review and by program staff as award decisions are being made as appropriate and consistent with achieving the goals of the program. It is expected that the results of NICHD-funded research will be shared with the wider scientific community in a timely manner.

Awardees are strongly encouraged fx options and smile risk amazon deposit large-scale, human fx options and smile risk amazon data in the database for Genotype and Phenotype "dbGaP" https: The following resource describing Common Data Elements may be helpful during the planning phases of a project when considering ways to optimize data collection in order to facilitate broad data sharing: Only limited Appendix materials are allowed.

Overview Information contains information about Key Dates and times. Applicants are encouraged to submit applications before the due date to ensure they have time to make any application corrections that might be necessary for successful submission. When a submission date falls on a weekend or Federal holidaythe application deadline is automatically extended to the next business day.

Organizations must submit applications to Grants. Applicants must then complete the submission process by tracking the status of the application in the eRA CommonsNIH's electronic system for grants administration. Applicants are responsible for viewing their application before the due date in the eRA Commons to ensure accurate and successful submission. This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.

Paper applications will not be accepted. Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.

For assistance with your electronic application or for more information on the electronic submission process, visit Applying Electronically. If you encounter a system issue beyond your control that threatens your ability to complete the submission process on-time, you must follow the Guidelines for Applicants Experiencing System Issues. The applicant organization must ensure that the DUNS number it provides on the application is the same number used in the organization's profile in the eRA Commons and for the System for Award Management.

See more tips for avoiding common errors. Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness and compliance with application instructions by the Center for Scientific Review, NIH. Applications that are incomplete or non-compliant will not be reviewed.

Applicants are required to follow the instructions for post-submission materials, as described in the policy. Any instructions provided here are in addition to the instructions in the policy.

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