Pakistan Rupee Drops to Record Low in World’s Biggest Decline

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With a population exceeding million people, it is the sixth most populous country in the world. Pakistan is strategically located astride the ancient trade routes of the Khyber and Bolan passes between South Asia and Central Asia. Another pass, which now has the Karakoram Highway through it, leads to Western China. All these passes, and some ports in Pakistan, formed part of the ancient Silk Road which linked Asia and Europe.

Pakistan's tourism industry was in its heyday during the s when the country received unprecedented numbers of foreign tourists, thanks to the Hippie Trail.

Subsequently the number of foreign tourists has come down, due to instability in the country and many countries declaring it as unsafe and dangerous to visit.

Even so, it continues to attract tourists due to its unique, diverse cultures, people and landscapes. The country's attractions range from the ruin of civilisations, such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Taxila, to the Himalayan hill stations, which attract those interested in winter sports. Pakistan is home to several mountain peaks over 7, m, which attract adventurers and mountaineers from around the world, especially K2. Pakistan is a federation of four provinces: The government of Pakistan exercises de facto jurisdiction over the western parts of the disputed Kashmir region, organised into the separate political entities Azad Kashmir and Gilgit—Baltistan formerly Northern Areas.

Nine of Pakistan's most notable cities follow. Other cities are listed in the article for their region. The history of Pakistan can be traced back to the earliest ancient human civilisations in South Asia. Mehrgarh in present-day Balochistan was a small farming village and centre of agriculture in South Asia during New Stone Age period which lasted until its abandonment around BCE due to climate change and was succeeded by Indus Valley Civilizationa civilization in the early stages of development growing along one of the major rivers of Asia, the Indus.

It became one of the great civilisations of the ancient world along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. This Bronze Age civilisation with its remarkably sophisticated civil engineering and urban planning become most advanced civilisation of its time which had well-planned towns and well-laid roads, as recorded in its major city of Mohenjo-daro which today is an archaeological site of immense historical significance. The Indus Valley Civilization declined and disintegrated around BCE, possibly due to drought and geological disturbances.

Most historians believe that the Vedic people were migrants who encountered this civilization in decline and perhaps hastened that decline. The Vedic people eventually occupied most of North India, laid the foundations of Hinduism and flourished in the ancient city of what is today known as Taxila.

After the defeat of the first Persian EmpireAchaemenid, which ruled much of modern Pakistan, Alexander the Great, the Hellenistic King of Macedon, invaded the region of Pakistan and conquered much of the Punjab region for his Macedonian empire. Prior to the late 18th century, Pakistan was the main Islamic stronghold in the Mughal Empirewhich at its peak covered the great majority of the Indian subcontinent.

The area that now makes up Pakistan kept its status as one of the main cultural and political hubs of South Best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave for over years. From the late 18th century untilPakistan was part of the British Empire, and one can still see the signs of Pakistan's colonial past in most places. The name Pakistan was best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave officially after the partition of British India into the two nation-states of India and Pakistan in However, the word Pakistan was first used by Choudhry Rahmat Ali back in in his declaration, Now or Never — calling for its separation from the Empire.

Later, East Pakistan seceded and became the separate nation of Bangladeshas a result of an extremely brutal war which also involved India. A dispute over Kashmir is still ongoing between India and Pakistan and has resulted in three wars and many skirmishes, acts of terrorism and an insurgency and counter-insurgency in the part of Kashmir controlled by India and claimed by Pakistan.

Right after its independence Pakistan was a peaceful, tolerant, progressive and prosperous country and a magnet for international travelers. By the late 's Pakistan's tourism industry was flourishing and the best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave became a hotspot for many young Western travelers and the hippie types.

In the absence of best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave and ethnic violence and terrorism Pakistan showed the image of a cosmopolitan, orderly country but by the 's the reputation of Pakistan had changed drastically, and today it is a very different place from what it used to be. Today Pakistan is populated mostly by people whose ancestors originated from various other places — including Arabs from after the Islamic expeditions, Persians from Bukhara and Samarkand, Turks from Central Asia — and the native Sindhus whose ancestors converted to Islam.

Ethnic groups such as Punjabis, Sindhis, Seraikis, Pashtuns, Mohajirs and Balochs all have different native languages, cultures and histories. Best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave and Pakistan have a bitter and long-standing dispute over Kashmir; each government claims territory that is currently under the control of the other.

They have fought wars over this three times since independence in Wikivoyage, however, deals only with the current situation on the ground; our maps show and our text describes that situation without taking sides in the dispute.

Best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave you can go there with a Pakistani visa today then we treat it as being in Pakistan, and if you need an Indian visa, we treat it as being in India. This is the most important distinction for travellers. Most of the Pakistani-controlled part of Kashmir Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan is currently safer than most of the rest of Pakistan, but travellers should check current conditions before visiting Kashmir and be wary of areas close to the Line of Control the de facto border.

Both governments consider these areas highly sensitive, keep large military forces in them, and restrict travel to them. Located along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan is surrounded by Afghanistan to the northwest, Iran to the southwest, India to the east, and China to the northeast. Pakistan has its own unique character but also has many commonalities with neighbouring nations, especially Afghanistan and India.

Pakistan is one of those few countries in the world that has every kind of geological structure. Pakistan's highest point is K2, which, at 8, metres, is the second highest best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave in the world.

The Punjab province is a flat, alluvial plain whose rivers eventually join the Indus River and flow south to the Arabian Sea. Sindh lies between the Thar Desert and the Rann of Kutch to the east, and the Kirthar range to the west. The Balochistan Plateau is arid and surrounded by dry mountains. Pakistan experiences frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe, especially in the north and the west. Mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north. Flooding along the Indus after heavy rains July and August.

Fertile and sub humid heat in the Punjab region. The climate varies from tropical to temperate, with arid conditions in the coastal south. There is a monsoon season with frequent flooding due to heavy rainfall, and a dry season with significantly less rainfall or none at all. There are four distinct seasons: Rainfall varies greatly from year to year, and patterns of alternate flooding and drought are common.

Pakistan is theoretically a democratic, parliamentary federal republic modelled on the Best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave Westminster system, iq binare branding-optionen Islam as the state religion. The President, indirectly elected, is the Head of State, but his position is primarily ceremonial. The Prime Minister and his cabinet run the government.

The Parliament is bicameral. The National Assembly, the lower house, is directly elected by universal adult franchise, while the Senate is the upper house and indirectly elected. The National Assembly is the more powerful of the two, primarily because a majority in the National Assembly is required to form a government and pass budgets. Pakistan has a vast number of political parties and, in recent times, no party has secured a majority in the National Assembly, leading to unstable governments, short-lived political alliances and raucous politics.

Pakistan has a strong and independent judiciary and a free press. However, political instability has resulted in or some would say, has been partially caused by a high degree of military control in Pakistan. Most of the prime ministers have been influenced by best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave chief of the Pakistani army in major decisions related to foreign policy, and there have been periods of outright military dictatorship in the past.

Pakistan is also a Federal Republic, divided into provinces. Each of these has its own legislature, with a government run by a chief minister and a cabinet.

Street demonstrations and political agitations occur, as they do in any democracy. There is also occasional low-level violence, but a visitor has a vanishingly small chance of getting caught in that.

Terrorism is best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave bigger problem, though. It can occur anywhere, and some parts of the country are too dangerous to visit because of the great risks in those areas see "Stay safe". Ramadan is the 9th and holiest month in the Islamic calendar and lasts 29—30 days.

Muslims fast every day for its duration and most restaurants will be closed until the fast breaks at dusk.

Nothing including water and cigarettes is supposed to pass through the lips from dawn to sunset. Non-Muslims are exempt from this, but should still refrain from eating or drinking in public as this is considered very impolite.

Working hours are decreased as well in the corporate world. Exact dates of Ramadan depend on local astronomical observations and may vary somewhat from country to country. Ramadan concludes with the festival of Eid al-Fitrwhich may last several days, usually three in most countries. If you're planning to travel to Pakistan during Ramadan, consider reading Travelling during Ramadan. Pakistan being home to numerous ethnic groups is culturally diverse nation that emphasise both on local culture and tradions alongwith the traditional Islamic values.

The culture is greatly influenced by many of its neighbours states. Legally women best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave men have equal rights under the law in Pakistan, however society is largely patriarchal and women are particularly mistreated in rural areas, where their access to education and employment remains limited.

Nevertheless, women have played a prominent role in the development of the country in government, education, services, health as well as the military.

Benazir Bhutto was the first female premier of Pakistan, and the first democratically elected female leader of a Muslim country and women have served in many other prominent areas in politics. The Pakistan Air Force has also recently started to employ female fighter pilots.

Any extensions of this type of visa must also be done through the tour operator. Nationals of most other countries and those not wanting to travel with a tour operator and group need to apply in advance for a visa, which are usually issued for days depending on nationality and where you apply. Double-entries are sometimes given, but be clear and persistent that you need this when applying.

Visas for Pakistan are usually easier to obtain in your home country as the missions around the world have been given more authority to issue visas without checking with Islamabad, which should help in getting applications turned around quicker. A handful of countries are issued visas on arrival: Iceland and Maldives for 3 months, Hong KongNepal and Samoa for 1 month, while Tonga and Trinidad and Tobago nationals can stay for an unlimited amount of time.

Nationals of Israel are not allowed entry as it is not recognised as a nation by Pakistan and most other Muslim countriesbut there is no restriction on Jews holding passports from other nations.

Despite much on-line information to the contrary, Israeli stamps and visas would usually pose no problems for entry into Pakistan, though you may be subject to more stringent questioning by immigration officers. And while under normal circumstances visas can not be obtained by Israeli passport holders, there have been exceptions in which nationals of Israel have been admitted to Pakistan after obtaining an NOC from the Ministry of Interior in Islamabad beforehand, which they then submitted along with application for Pakistani visa.

Indian nationals can apply for 30 day tourist visas but must travel in a best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave through an authorised tour operator. Visitor visas to meet relatives or friends best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave more easy to obtain, and come with some restrictions. Religious visas are granted for groups of 10 or more for 15 days. The High Commission for Pakistan in New Delhi best forex trading broker in pakistan sick leave visas with varying degrees of difficulty, taking at least 1 day and sometimes several to process the application.

Applications are only accepted in the mornings from around

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The public sector was until recently led by the Ministry of Health , however the Ministry was abolished in June and all health responsibilities mainly planning and fund allocation were devolved to provincial Health Departments which had until now been the main implementers of public sector health programs.

Like other South Asian countries, health and sanitation infrastructure is adequate in urban areas but is generally poor in rural areas. Pakistan's health care delivery system includes both state and non-state; and profit and not for profit service provision.

The provincial and district health departments, para-statal organizations, social security institutions, non-governmental organizations NGOs and private sector finance and provide services mostly through vertically managed disease-specific mechanisms.

Cancer information on Pakistan [5] Approximately one in every 9 Pakistani women is likely to suffer from breast cancer which is one of the highest incidence rates in Asia.

Among Asian countries, Pakistan has the highest rates of breast and ovarian cancer. According to World Health Organization WHO , breast cancer rates are getting worse and it is not sparing even younger age group. According to official data, there are , doctors and 12, health facilities in the country to cater for over million people.

Many Pakistani doctors and medical professionals choose to migrate to other countries, contributing to a brain drain and chronic skills shortage in the country. In the United States alone, there are over 17, doctors of Pakistani origin. S [11] as well as the fourth highest source of foreign dentists licensed in the United States.

As of , there were 48 medical colleges and 21 dental colleges in the country. Shaikh Tanveer Ahmed Nursing is a major component of health care in Pakistan.

The topic has been the subject of extensive historical studies, [14] is as of [update] a major issue in that country, [15] and has been the subject of much scholarly discussion amongst academics and practitioners. At present there are upwards of 70 dental schools public and private throughout Pakistan, according to the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council the state regulatory body has upwards of registered dentists. The four-year training culminates in achieving a Bachelor of Dental Surgery BDS degree, which requires a further one year compulsory internship to be a registered dentist in Pakistan.

Pakistan is committed to the goal of making its population healthier, as evidenced by the continuing strong support for the Social Action Program SAP and by the new vision for health, nutrition, and population outlined in the National Health Policy Guidelines published by the government.

In recent times, the startup culture in Pakistan has boomed with many players trying to change the healthcare segment as well. Some of the examples include InstaCare , MyDoctor. All of the above mentioned are services which were earlier just not available to patients in Pakistan and hopefully their access will become easier and simpler for the masses as time progresses. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Drug addiction in Pakistan. Pharmaceutical industry in Pakistan. Medical tourism in Pakistan. Veterinary medicine in Pakistan. Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Finance. Retrieved 7 February Ministry of Health, Pakistan.

Retrieved 7 September Accessed December 10, Retrieved 24 March Federal Balochistan Punjab Sindh. Basic topics Alphabetical index of topics. Botanical gardens Ecoregions Environmental issues Forests Protected areas national parks game reserves sanctuaries Wildlife flora fauna Zoos. Archaeological sites Climate weather records Borders Natural disasters earthquakes floods Subdivisions provinces districts cities World Heritage Sites.

Corporatisation Directive investment Industrialisation Military economisation Nationalisation Privatisation Public-private partnering Redundant Islamic economisation. Diaspora Ethnicity Immigration Languages Urdu. Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 7 April , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.